In Pará, the attention paid to surveillance in the Covid-19 pandemic is compounded by concerns about the arrival of the rainy season, which could also leave due to three other serious illnesses. sequence: dengue, zika and chikungunya. And in the fight against mosquitoes Aedes aegypt, the transmitter of diseases, raising awareness of the population that should be the main driver in prevention strategies is becoming more important, given the fact that due to the global health crisis, certain health actions aimed at preventing the spread have been suspended.
Aline Carneiro, head of the State Dengue Control Program (PECD) of the State Department of Public Health (Sespa), confirmed that the work takes place throughout the year, strengthening from November to June when it rains. more frequent and intense. “We also recommend that municipalities draw up their emergency plans to increase their potential incidence or number of cases, and the State also makes its own. This plan takes into account the epidemiology, sectoral control and clinical management of the disease. du.The population needs to be vigilant, as visits by health workers are disrupted due to the pandemic
Visits to homes by mosquitoes to remove mosquito vector outbreaks are almost non-existent due to the pandemic. At this point, the media is becoming an important tool in the guidance process. Aline Carneiro confirms the need to control and clean up places and platforms at least every seven days Aedes it reproduces easily: swimming pools, flower pots with plants, water tanks, trash cans and water containers for pets, among others where there is minimal water accumulation.
“Even though they were still making visits, the same house was visited every two months. So they are people who need to take very important care that requires very little work. The control lasts about ten minutes,” the principal repeats to PECD.
Numbers and attention – According to Sespa data, there were 2,008 dengue cases in 2019, compared to 1,753 in 2020; 2,292 chikungunya cases, a much higher number than the 148 appearances already registered this year, and 39 zika cases, of which 159 cases were already registered in 2020.
Keep the water tank, buckets and water barrels tightly closed; put the garbage in plastic bags and keep the container closed; do not allow water to accumulate in the slab, keep the bottles face down; pack tires in places covered; Protecting uncovered sewers with fine nets, filling small pots to the brim with sand, and cleaning once a week are some of the measures recommended by Sespas.
Actions taken by the Secretariat this year include the development of the State Dengue, Chikungunya and Zika Virus 2020 Emergency Plan; disseminating a monthly epidemiological report on three diseases; participation in video conference with technicians from the Ministry of Health on January 16, 2020 and participation in training on the new Cielo® adulticide on January 30, Brazil (DF).
Signs and symptoms – The main signs and symptoms of fever are fever, headache, pain behind the eyes, loss of appetite, stains and skin rashes, especially in the chest and upper limbs, nausea and vomiting, dizziness, indisposition and extremities. fatigue and pain in the body, bones, joints and abdomen.
The Zika virus causes fever, joint pain, muscle pain, in the head and behind the eyes, conjunctivitis, red itchy rash, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation and small ulcers of the oral mucosa, which are small signs and symptoms. ordinary.
The main signs and symptoms of Chikungunia are fever, joint pain, back pain, skin rash, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, headache and muscle aches (myalgia).
Service: People with signs and symptoms of these illnesses should seek medical attention at the nearest Health Unit as this can worsen the condition and cause death.