According to the Federal Office for the Environment and Meteorology and Climatology, Switzerland is doing little to achieve climate goals. Imports also guarantee large CO2 emissions.
Why is it? Climate change affects Switzerland more than other countries. But it also emits more greenhouse gas emissions than other countries in the population. He has taken steps to tackle climate change, but they are not enough. That is the conclusion of the “Swiss Climate Change” report.The link will open in a new window, Co-published by the Federal Office for the Environment and Meteorology and Climatology.
What’s new? “The findings are not entirely new,” says SRF company editor Klaus Ammann. For the first time in seven years, however, indicators from all important areas were gathered on paper. “And they show more clearly than ever that the climate in Switzerland has already warmed by two degrees compared to the pre-industrial era, which means that we are already above the temperature threshold that the world does not want to exceed on average in this country.”
Imported goods are emitted into CO2
The report provides interesting data on greenhouse gas emissions in Switzerland. They show that this is slowly declining, but the goal of a 20 percent reduction by the end of this year is unlikely to be achieved compared to 1990.
And, above all, these figures show that Switzerland is in a poor state of the population if domestic emissions are also counted abroad, that is, emissions generated by the consumption of goods imported by the Swiss population.
Including that, Switzerland ranks fourth behind the US, Australia and Canada, and is clearly ahead of countries like China in that it is described as a delinquent climate.
What are the prognoses? There is still a great deal of uncertainty about future scenarios. “What is clear, however, is that if things continue as before, warming in Switzerland could rise to seven degrees by 2100, with serious consequences for the environment, nature and agriculture.” The report says that only drastic measures of between 2.1 and 3.4 degrees can be heated if strict measures are taken.
Who has the duty? Not only Switzerland, but every country in the world is needed. “There are no limits to CO2 emissions. But Switzerland has a special responsibility, “said the SRF editor.” We have a good balance here, for example, because we have climate-friendly electricity production. But the Swiss exceed the average amount. ” we have, such as electronics, which cause a lot of CO2 in production. “
Which area does it belong to? Switzerland still does little to achieve climate goals. The report also shows this. The authors explored three areas: industry, buildings, and transportation. From this it can be seen that “the industry can hardly achieve its goal, that it is probably not enough in the case of buildings – especially heating systems – and that traffic will clearly lose its targets by the end of 2020.”
What measures are needed? There are tools that address the areas mentioned in the CO2 Act. “Especially in traffic, however, it is anticipated that more measures will be needed to achieve the next targets by 2030.” And until Switzerland calls for a climate neutrality that is struggling by 2050, much more is needed. “It will probably require additional taxes or a higher price for CO2,” says SRF business editor.
What would be the conclusion? According to Ammann, there are studies that show that if climate change remains as uncontrolled as before, it would cost Switzerland about twelve percent of its gross domestic product by 2100. “The costs are massive. That leads to the conclusion that doing nothing is more expensive than trading. ”
Publishing company, SRF
The historian and Russian has been the editor of Radio SRF since 2004. Klaus Ammann has been working on the editorial business team since 2011. It focuses on energy and climate issues.