Since then: 27.11.2018 11:44 clock
Infection-deficiency virus infection is no longer a death penalty. If it is recognized in time, AIDS is avoided. However, for the second person, diagnosis is already very advanced when the disease is already on AIDS. Older people often do not suspect that HIV is infected: new infections over 50 years are continuously increasing.
HIV infections in the elderly
Older HIV infections are often not one of the most classic risk groups.
- gay men
- drug addict
- Women with unprotected sex change many sex partners
HIV infection frequently occurs, such as the appearance of secondary diseases such as pneumonia. In infected, it is often difficult to understand.
A possible reason to increase HIV infection according to age: Safer sex does not play a major role for many sexually active people in menopause, because contraception is a matter of importance.
HIV infection: underestimate risk
Every year more than 3,000 people are infected with a virus in Germany. Especially outside classical risk groups, the infection rate has increased. Experts believe that 13,000 people do not know that they are infected. They weigh in insane security and have no idea to try. Many doctors also underestimate the risk of HIV infection among elderly people, so they rarely recommend the test.
The HIV test is an important test
German AIDS Hilfe has one Educational campaign "It's not AIDS for everyone!" Get started. It aims to educate about the importance of detecting HIV infection before the AIDS illness is reduced. For this reason, HIV testing should always be done if the infection can not be ruled out.
HIV is transmitted
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is transmitted through blood and other fluid organs, especially semen, vaginal secretion and analgesic secrets. The most common transfer is a non-sponsored sex. Pregnant women are infected with childbirth transmission, especially during childbirth and breastfeeding. Daily physical life, physical contact and sharing of cutlery and health care are not a risk of any infection. HIV does not transmit saliva, tears or droplet infections, insect bites, food or drinking water.
What happens in the body?
Viruses are multiplied by specific blood cells, T-cell helper. They are part of the lymphocyte group responsible for the cellular infection of the infection. For this purpose, viruses make genetic material into a cell and force cells to produce HI viruses. Once the viruses multiply in cells, they die. The result is the most significant and irreversible suspension of the immune system. The first symptoms usually occur after two or three weeks after an infection and are treated as a result of a flu infection. The acute HIV infection is in phase-symptom free phase. It may take months or years.
In untreated diseases, about half of infected individuals with severe immunodeficiencies occur after ten years of infection. These life-threatening diseases are referred to as the Acquired Immune Dysfunction Syndrome (AIDS). These are, above all, pneumonia caused by the so-called opportunistic pathogens: germs that only cause diseased organisms. In healthy people, these diseases do not occur or are not harmful.
The diagnosis of HIV infection is based on the detection of specific antibodies, including the virus itself or its blood genetic material. In the case of an infection, anti-virus antigens are detectable after 16 to 18 days and specific antibodies, on average, after a 22-day infection. The genetic material virus can also take eleven days. The initial diagnosis of HIV infection significantly reduces death. It also has preventative effects, because less infections are transmitted unwanted.
Medicines "freeze the disease"
Until now, the disease is not feasible. Thanks to modern medicine, it is good to treat it. And life expectancy and the quality of life of the affected are very good. Drugs usually avoid AIDS. On the one hand, drugs prevent viruses from invading the target cells and, on the other, inhibit viral replication. The disease is frozen so it can be spoken. In total, there are five existing HIV groups. Inhibitors of entry inhibit the virus from entering the cell. Prevent fusion of the virus envelope. As the virus can access its genetic information, the information must be rewritten.
Nucleic transcriptase inhibitors hinder this process by introducing blocks of internal cell-protein structures. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor inhibits the enzyme necessary to transpose the genetic information. Protease inhibitors prevent virus viruses that are assembled in the virus cells. They are called integrase inhibitors that make up the new drug group in the treatment of HIV. Viral DNA penetration inhibits human host cell DNA.
Therapy that requires several medications
If possible, the drug does not create a new virus. Reduces the number of blood viruses and the number of T-helper cells is therefore recovered from the immune system. In general, the combination of therapies is a combination of viruses that quickly develop resistance to single strength.