An antibiotic resistance, one of the greatest threats to our health, opens the wings to our planet. Nowadays, researchers have detected signs in a remote area of the Earth.
In an effort to find out about the anti-antibiotic resistance, the researchers returned to the Norwegian archipelago in Svalbard, near the High Arctic in the North Pole.
Here, the teams detected more than they expected from this remote location – the remains of a large number of resistant antibiotics (ARG) that deal with the superbiotic spread. Among them, the gene blaNDM-1 has been detected in a city in the city of Svalbard, about 8,000 kilometers (or 5,000 miles).
Scientists believe that this part of the gene could be contributing to migratory birds, other fauna, and human beef.
The group chose Kongsfjorden in the Svalbard region because it is located on an island of agriculture or remote industries, and it is so cold that it is so cold in the soil all year round. As a result, there is less than 120 people living this cooling plot anytime.
The BlaNDM-1 route is just a place to deal with antibiotic resistance (RH), far away from major hospitals and urban civilization.
"Polar regions are among the latest non-prismatic ecosystems in the Earth, which have offered a platform for characterizing resistance to antibiotics, which means that we could understand the progression rates of AR infection," says David Graham, environmental scientist at Newcastle University, David Graham in the United Kingdom.
"But less than sixty years before, in the shallow waters of India, the first detection of the blaNDM-1 gene is found thousands of kilometers away, with little impact on human impact."
We know that enzyme-coding called NDM-1 helps the development of resistance to many microorganisms, such as the "ultimate option", the drug, such as carbapenems, trying to break down all the other genes blaNDM-1.
And the best treatments that are trying to evolve are bacteria, because of the superbugs that start from normal common mistakes, it estimates thousands of annual lives, according to estimates.
This situation will be worse if you do not try to improve antibiotic efficacy or develop new varieties.
"Due to the abuse of antibiotics, faecal releases and drinking water, we accelerated the rate of evolution of superbugs," Graham says.
"For example, when a new drug develops, natural bacteria become fast and resistant, so that new drugs are very small in a pipeline, because they do not cost more efficiently."
While using the antibiotic too much in the clinical environment is not an immediate threat to health, it is not possible to reach blaNDM-1 in the remote region, which explains why scientists explore other possibilities.
DNA was extracted from samples of thirty fat streams in Kongsfjorden region in 2013. There were nine different types of antibiotic detected in the resistance of 131 gene resistance, found at 60 percent of the BlaNDM-1 nuclear.
Researchers describe soil resistance as "source and sink", and the Arctic soil is expected to be used as a base for measuring and extending endurance so that the movement of microbial human movements is difficult.
It is still awaiting the discovery and transfer of an earthquake-free ARG-free land in these territories. In this way, scientists will be able to understand how to develop and grow antibiotic resistance, and then better ways to stop it.
In order to do so, the team suggests that waste management, water quality and other human-influenced environmental issues are needed, while protecting the Arctic environment.
"In areas like the Arctic, violence strengthens the spread of rapid and rapid antibiotic resistance, rather than reinforcing the RNA solution, it should be seen only in local general terms," Graham says.
Research is published International Environment.