General Motors has announced that it will halt production at five North American facilities and cut 14,700 jobs as it deals with slowing sedan sales and the impact of Donald Trump's tariffs.
More than 6,000 blue-collar jobs will be hit by GM plans to stop production at a car plant in Canada and two more in Ohio and Michigan. Two transmission plants in the US will also be mothballed, putting the future of those plants in doubt.
The cuts will also include 15% of GM's 54,000 white-collar workforce, about 8,100 people, and come 18,000 GM workers have been asked to accept redundancy voluntary.
Trump – who won over voters in many of the states affected by GM's decision by promising to save their jobs – told reporters he was not happy with the decision. "We do not like it," he told reporters. "This country has done a lot for General Motors. They better get back to Ohio, and soon. "
Mary Barra, GM's chief executive, was due to meet with White House chief economic adviser Larry Kudlow later on Monday.
"We are taking this action now while the company and the economy are strong to keep ahead of changing market conditions," Barra said in a conference call. GM's share price rose 5.5% on the news.
The car plants – Lordstown Assembly in Ohio, Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly and Oshawa Assembly – all build slow-selling cars. Trump held the rally close to the Lordstown plant in July and told workers not to sell their homes because "jobs are coming back."
The issue will be addressed in talks with the United Auto Workers union next year.
Cost pressures on GM and other car companies and suppliers have increased as demand has waned for traditional sedans. The company also said tariffs on imported steel, imposed earlier this year by the Trump administration, have cost it $ 1bn.
Michelle Krebs, an executive analyst at Autotrader, said Barra was "trying to get ahead of a potential crisis by making cuts now." She said a confluence of factors had triggered GM's actions: a downturn in the important China market and a potential downturn in the North American market; the dramatic shift by consumers from traditional cars to utility vehicles; and the impact of tariffs and trade issues.
GM is poised to idle an assembly plant in Canada. The Canadian union Unifor, which represents most unionized autoworkers in Canada, said Sunday that it had been informed by GM that there would be no product allocated to the plant in Oshawa after December 2019.
Justin Trudeau, Canada's prime minister, expressed his "deep disappointment" with the decision. He said on Twitter: "GM workers have been part of the heart and soul of Oshawa for generations – and we will do everything we can to help families affected by this news get back on their feet. Yesterday, I spoke with GM's Mary Barra to express my deep disappointment in the closure. "
America's largest car maker employs about 2,500 union staff in Oshawa, which produces the Chevrolet Impala and Cadillac XTS sedans. It also completes final assembly of the stronger-selling Silverado and Sierra pickup trucks, shipped from Indiana.
GM has internally debated for months how to address shrinking car demand, a person briefed on the matter said, and the issue is certain to re-emerge when GM holds contract talks next year with the UAW.
The company has started what is expected to be a long and expensive transition to a new transportation model that embraces electrified and automated vehicles, many of which will be shared rather than owned. GM signaled the latest belt-tightening in late October when it offered buyouts to 50,000 salaried employees in North America.
Lagging US car sales have seen several car plants fall to just one shift, including its Detroit Hamtramck Assembly plant and Lordstown, Ohio, assembly plant.
Rivals Ford and Fiat Chrysler have curtailed US car production. Ford said in April it planned to stop building almost all cars in North America.