Friday , June 18 2021

Detroit's Part Destroyed A Doomed GM Plant

Poletown's GM plant was in controversy.
Photo: GM

General Motors announced today that it wanted to cut 14,000 jobs and could close the five years of the United States, the framework of the restructuring plan caught its surprise. Once again injured in Detroit injured, and in the 1980s he destroyed parts of the city, to facilitate the way to a factory, today's faces close their faces.

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The Detroit-Hamtramck Assembly Plant, officially known as the GM, has a history of controversy, including a very clever movement of local officials, in order to use the domain's dominant powers of power, to overcome a total of 1,300 homes, stores, churches and 465 hectares, to go to the project

At that time, the mayor of Coleman Young justified the measure to get jobs as urban fighters, a GM threatened to close two Detroit factories.

Another light, GM unexpectedly took advantage of the Detroit battles, as well as Hamtramck's hamlet in Detroit.

What kind of agreement? Here the New York Times was summarized in 1981 as:

The company will receive $ 440 million in subsidies for federal, state, and local governments. This money will be land purchases and local training support and tax payments. The Detroit-Hamtramck project will only spend $ 320 million in public spending, $ 200 million in support and at least $ 120 million in tax restrictions.

It's not a bad thing, and it's been remarkable that GM's president acknowledged that only two years ago Chrysler acknowledged Dole in the public, saying "the basic challenge of American philosophy".

But the basic question of the project was raised as to how the government could use the power of its prolific framework and created a national debate that attracted people like Ralph Nader's likes of Gray Panthers.

"Endangered" Security of proprietary ownership

Of course, many of them work on the table, many neighbors accepted the project, but Detroit City Council's decision to acquire ownership of a private entity was an important issue against residents' neighborhoods and districts. Poletown argued that the deal was illegal. Finally, the case came to the Supreme Court, and the decision was taken in 1981 to 5-2.

The court had a public purpose in Detroit, the acquisition of private property and the provision of a private project. So the destruction began.

Since 1982, residents have expressed resentment at Detroit News, saying:

Bitter's neighbors say they did not reconcile a News magazine with their own movement. Ann Locklear said "I lost the church, the city and General Motors.

Walter Jakubowski said: "Our roots, our house, have destroyed everything.

Louise Crosby's husband George was beaten in the Van Dyke-Seven Mile field. "I said," I want to go home, I want to go home. "One day a winter came out of the house and three hours later they found it to be bitter cold. She came to her nursing home.

A study by a researcher at the University of Michigan found that nearly 10 neighbors paid for paying out of Poletown for almost 4 out of their project did not cover the cost of new homes, News reported.

However, the move was made to relocate a massive town of private development, named by James Leo Ryan, a member of two Constitutional Court members.

In its discrepancy, in this case, "the security of all the property ownership of private property was compromised," Ryan explained the sharp changes in legal thinking "from the very beginning it can be explained by the sense of inevitability attended by this issue, combining the interests and coexistence of a desperate city administration and a giant corporation Preparation and take advantage of the opportunity presented. "

"Justification, as its inevitability, as a result of work, business, industry, government, finance and voice recognition, seems to make the" spirit of the group "more acceptable, as well as news," Ryan wrote.

"The only discordant sounds of disagreement have come from the handicapped minority of the people who have been severely affected by this case. Poletown neighborhoods have been destroyed.

A city planned by a massive loss of a city, which accelerated this trend by diverting the thousands of thousands of ethnic minorities, theoretically, once again, appeared as an economic prosperity.

The Neighborhoods writer and Jalopnik alum, Aaron Foley, had a great impact on Wednesday's story:

The factory was opened in 1981 and the rest of the Polish neighbors went to the neighbors of the neighborhood (and stayed there), and the district's problem increased. The Chene Street corridor swallowed. Church congregations were split up. Ethnicity lost.

What's worse is that GM's promises are never allowed.

Fractional Promised Jobs

There were about 6,000 jobs at that time. Currently, about 1,500 people work on the site.

And the spin-off development promise of profit-loss, just like the new word given by Ford, justifies justifying tax breaks, it's just a development project that is centered west of the city center.

"It's activated," Ryan said on Monday in Jalopnik, "they did not employ a lot of people, they put robots and not all kinds of business did not go up".

Paul Ingrassia and Joseph B. White, the winner of the Pulitzer Prize in his book Turn around At that time the head of the GM, Roger Smith, was a highly automated factory in Poletown. From the book:

& # 39; Restore & # 39;
Screenshot: Comeback (Google)

Smith's automated paradise did not work well, however, Ingrassia and White wrote:

& # 39; Restore & # 39;
Screenshot: Comeback (Google)

While GM's promises were not over, the status of the Supreme Court's dominant domain did not last. In 2004, Ryan's vision was won, the Supreme Court decided to justify the confiscation of the GM in advance.

Local governments wanted to build a Detroit Metro airport industrial park, but the judge found a year ago that the government could not privatize the domain and privatize the owner of another economic development. Detroit Free Press says Monday.

"Sadness makes me, for many people, especially the poor, at least moderate economic situations," they were thrown out of the house, "said Judge Ryan on the phone." The plant is now declining apparently after these years. "

Ryan did not demand the return of the victory, and he said "I told you," but simply said that it was not arguing that GM's land was considered a "bigger" benefit to the public.

"Our constitution, I thought, made it clear that you can not condemn it in Hamtramck or elsewhere, except" public use. "Ryan, now 86, said:" Most of my siblings have thought "use" As a synonym for "benefit", General Motors was a clear and compact provision for the plant, as there were guarantees for all types of environment-friendly businesses to alleviate serious economic problems in Detroit. "

Poletown currently has lessons, especially the selection of the Amazon HQ2 site in the face and in the middle of the battle. If it is a game with Amazon's Hunger Games, the city must have a tendency towards the city to achieve the best corporate welfare. Poletown was the starting point for this point.

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It is true that Detroit was definitely in a precarious situation; Ryan stated that he shared the detrimental part of Detroit and GM, saying they are trying to "make everyone worried" good.

But look at things. Four decades later, after Detroit and its residents, GM can leave the factory fully, in accordance with the United Auto Workers unit next year. This means that cities are sufficient for their big-ticket economic projects to be established.

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