Bernardo Bertolucci, the epic "The Last Emperor", won nine Oscars and other filmmakers had new compositions and new works like "Last Tango in Paris". There, the story explored the politics and sexuality through a personal story and a brave camera, has died. He was 77 years old.
His publisher, Flavia Schiavi, said Bertolucci died in his house on Monday at Rome 7. He had cancer
The greatest author of her generation in Italy, Bertolucci directed to Europe and Hollywood, but her relationship with the studio had ups and downs. But when he worked on the studio's system, Bertolucci was always able to watch movies that were considered to be his worldwide projections.
"The Last Emperor", the latest autobiography of the Chinese imperial government, Pu Yi, won the 1987 Academy Award, winning in every category, among others, the best picture and the best director. With him, Bertolucci was the first and only Oscar nominee for the best director. "The Last Emperor" is one of the best winners of the Academy Awards, and was the first epic of China's Chinese party in cooperation with the Chinese government.
Born on March 16, 1941, one of the richest cities in northern Italy, Bertolucci was a talented young man. Attilio Bertolucci, son of the well-known poet and writer, received a poem prize at the age of 21, and then became a filmmaker.
Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian poet, began as the other assistant, Pasolini's first feature film, "Accattone", in 1961, the image of a Roman pimp. The first movie by Bertolucci, "The Grim Reaper", in 1962, analyzed the murder of the Roman prostitute from multiple perspectives. Screening at the Venice Film Festival.
Two years later, Bertolucci was at Cannes's Critics' Week, an autobiographical "Before the Revolution", a 20-year-old student in Parma, divided between bourgeois consensus and revolutionary marxism, and his attractive young aunt who plays incestuous Adriana Asti. Bertolucci married Asti in a feature film, but the couple divorced a few years later.
In 1970, he was nominated for his first Oscar nomination for "The Conformist", based on Alberto Moravi's novel. The film focuses on the fascist of the Italian era and hired Mussolini's secret police on the basis of a tormented intellectual Jean-Louis Trintignant, who was an anti-fascist teacher who went to Paris.
Cinematographic filmmaker Vittorio Storaro was influenced by other directors, including Steven Spielberg, Martin Scorsese, and Francis Ford Coppola, among other directors of New York, among others.
"Tango" XX. Despite being one of the most important filmmakers in the century, he was slowly debating in his analytic scene of violence, which is used as a lubricant for butter. Bertolucci later acknowledged that Schneider was 19 years old in order to get a real reaction to his "girlfriend or actress."
Before his death in 2011, Schneider said "he felt humiliated and … was raped" by Brando and Bertolucci. But the director always dismissed his message.
"I think that" The Last Tango "was part of the success of the scandal, sodomy, butter, but it's a real disappointment," said Bertolucci Variety In the 2011 interview. "It's very strange that having a desperate movie has such a spectator."
"The Last Tango" also bertolucci landed in trouble with the law of his country. He wore a white body because he lost civil rights for five years. "I can not vote, and it was a penalty," he said. "I'm not feeling anymore as an Italian".
The political exile of the conflict took part in the remotest remotion of "remote movies" called "their last emperors"; "Sheltering Sky" (1990), based on the novel by Paul Bowles, in North Africa; and "Little Buddha" (1993), in Nepal and Bhutan.
Bertolucci earned his reputation as a "Last Tango" thanks to his first Hollywood production, a daring historical epic "1900". It was carried out by Burt Lancaster, in order to avoid confusion with his agent, he worked for free, as well as Donald Sutherland, Robert De Niro and Gerard Depardieu. They worked together with peasants from the Emilia region of Italy, setting a broad representation of social struggle.
The cut of "1900" by Bertolucci was five hours and a duration of 17 minutes, making Paramount a tough fight. The release was released in 1977, in three hours and in five minutes. Fighting, and the mixed critical response of the film, almost ended the career of Bertolucci.
But 10 years later, in 1987, he returned to the United States, when the Academy won nine Oscars, The Last Emperor, which featured John Lone and Joan Chen. After years of Hollywood volunteer relationships, Bertolucci got his victory on Oscar tonight "perhaps my most curious Hollywood moment."
In 1996, Bertolucci made his first movie for 15 years and filmed and filmed Italian "Beauty Stealing", a 19-year-old male starring by Liv Tyler in a story about sexuality in Tuscany. In 1998, he shot "Asedio" in 1998 and Paris-set "The Dreamers", "Asedio", "Paris in 1968" and "Cinémathèque Française".
He was one of the best actresses in the 2011 Cannes Film Festival Honor Prize for Best Actor; Gold Lion of Honor at the Venice Film Festival in 2007; and Leopard of Honor at the Locarno Film Festival in 1997. He conducted the jury of Venice twice in 1983 and 2013, and the jury in Cannes in 1990.
Bertolucci directed his latest movie, "Me and You", a smart drama, even if it was on a wheelchair, due to various surgeries in a herniated disc. In the first 23 years of the Italian film, the center of the teenage film center, which combines with its heroine rhythm with a middle-sister sister. "Me and You" was largely a huge basement ground in the Trastevere neighborhood of Rome, at the headquarters of Bertolucci, in 2012 competing at Cannes.
Bertolucci's second marriage, production and costume designer Maria Paola Maino, ended the divorce. His third wife, screenwriter and director Clare Peploe married in 1979.