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In early childhood, green spaces can improve mental health according to age



When children grow in green environments, a 55% drop in mental illness develops later in life, according to a recent study by the University of Aarhus (Denmark).

When children grow up in green environments, they must have a lower risk of developing mental disorders at a 55 percent lower risk, according to a new study by the University of Aarhus University (Denmark), emphasizes the need to design cities for green and healthy for the future. The population of the population is growing and according to the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 450 million people in the world have mental disorders; the number is expected to increase. (Read: Long-term women increase the risk of depression)

Now, according to satellite data from 1985 to 2013, Aarhus University researchers have mapped almost 1 million of the presence of residential greenhouses for Danish children and have compared these data to develop a total of 16 illnesses. various mentalities later in life.

The research published this week, published in the National Academy of Sciences, shows that children undergoing a large number of green spaces in childhood have a minimal risk of developing a mental disorder of 55%, although other well-known risk factors such as socioeconomic status, urbanization and family history of mental disorders have been adjusted.

"Our data is unique, since we have used a large number of Danish data, such as residential location and diagnosis of diseases, and compare with satellite imagery, where the extent of green space is shown to grow every time it grows," says Kristine Engemann, researcher leader, Senior Director of Bioscience and National Research Center at Aarhus University.

Researchers know, for example, that noise, air pollution, infections and low socioeconomic conditions lead to the development of a mental disorder. Conversely, other studies have shown that local green spaces create greater local cohesion and increase physical activity of people and improve child cognitive development. These are all factors that can affect people's mental health.

MENTAL HEALTH AND ACCESS ADVANTAGES

"Together with our set of data, the risk of developing a mental disorder is gradually decreasing, surrounded by green spaces between 10 years of birth, which is why the green space in childhood is very important." Kristine Engemann explains.

When the researchers adjusted the data of other risk factors for the development of a mental disorder, it shows the close relationship between green discoveries, urban life and mental disorders. "It is a growing decision that natural environments have a more important role in mental health, and our analysis is important, so we can better understand the importance of citizens," says Engemann.

This knowledge has important implications for sustainable urban planning, that is, the proportion of urban population is growing. "Mental health and access to local green areas are more important in urban planning, ensuring greener and healthier cities and improving the health of the urban population in the future." Coordinator Jens Professor-Christian Svenning, Bioscience Department, University of Aarhus.


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