Children grow in green environments 55% less risk of developing mental disorders In later life, the Aarhus University, according to a new Danish study, emphasizes the need to design green and healthy cities in the future. The population of the population is growing and the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 450 million people live with mental disorders; and the trend goes up.
According to this satellite data from 1985 to 2013Researchers from the Aarhus University mapped out the presence of a million Danish green areas and compared these data to develop a mental disorder of 16 months.
The research published in the National Academy of Sciences in children in childhood, surrounded by a large number of green spaces, has a minimal risk of a mental disorder of 55% to develop a mental disorder, despite changing other known risk factors, the socioeconomic status, urbanization and family history of mental disorders.
"Our data has only one single, we have had the possibility to use large data among Danish registers, among other things, Location of the residence hall and diagnosis of diseasesand compare with satellite imagery, as the green space of each person grows, "says research director Kristine Engemann, a postdoctoral researcher at the Bioscience Department and the National University Research Center in California, Aarhus.
Researchers know, for example, noise, air pollution, infections and poor socioeconomic conditions They increase the risk of developing a mental disorder. Conversely, other studies show that those who live in more green space environments create greater social cohesion and increase physical activity of people and improve cognitive development for children. These are all factors that can affect people's mental health.
"With our data set, we show that the risk of developing a mental disorder is gradually decreasing 10 years from birth. Therefore, green space in childhood is very important, "explains Kristine Engemann.
When the researchers adjusted the data of other well-known factors in the development of a mental disorder, they see it as a discovery strong expression green space, close relationship between urban life and mental disorders. "It is a growing decision that natural environments have a more important role in mental health, and our analysis is important, so we can better understand the importance of citizens," says Engemann.
This knowledge has important implications for sustainable urban planning, that is, the proportion of urban population is growing. "The connection between mental health and local green areas is something more to be considered in the urbanization To make cities warmer and healthier and improve the health of future urban residents"Professor advises Professor Jens – Christian Svenning, from the Bioscience Department of Aarhus University.