Seven years of work and seven months to travel in space, the US probe InSight "cocked" and shortly afterwards sent the image.
This millimeter and dangerous efficiency led to the impact of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) control center in Pasadena, California.
He directed the "confirmed landing" of the voice of the controller by his colleagues under control, joy and embrace in the celebration. Californian 11:52:59 (19:52:59 GMT) occurred one minute earlier than expected.
"It was life," Jim Bridenstine summed up the Director of the United States Space Agency. "A unique experience, incredible."
Bridenstine also said that after a few minutes of "landing", Vice President Mike Pence also held Twitter.
"Congratulations! @NASA (…) and "InSight's Mars" have made it a great achievement.
Since Artifact Mars landed, for the first time, after NASA's Rarity Vehicle, the only activity on the planet's red was.
Robots, satellites, or more than 43 more than Martxa, deployed by space agencies throughout the world, have failed.
The United States has put artifacts there only to invest these missions in the 2030s with the intention of preparing for the future invasion of human explorers.
Bridenstin said at the next press conference that the laboratories in this mission estimated "what happened in the mid 2030s," it will be the moon.
"We will be able to repeat as much as possible the mission to set up," he said. In this way, it expects travel in a sustainable manner with reuse technology.
"Your nation is very committed to reaching Mars and using it for the Moon," he added.
"My first photo #Martan"
The positioning process was perfect: activating the parachute, spreading the legs and reducing the speed of 19.800 km / h to 8 km / h in seven minutes.
NASA "definitely touches the spacecraft surface driving algorithms" before entering the atmosphere into the atmosphere until the temperature reaches 1,500 ° C.
Heat reinforcement strengthened to withstand impact.
The route of 20,000 km / h, three times faster than the rifle bullet, will reach a 10 km radius of 24 km.
After losing one point of the Earth, after 480 million kilometers, he achieved an objective of 130,000 kilometers, "said NASA.
He sent two photographic satellites when InSight crossed Mars.
"Enter my first photo #Marte"NASA InSight wrote on a Twitter account.
"My lens lid has not been removed yet, but I have had to show a first look at my new home."
InSight now needs to open its solar panels, a decisive phase that decides if NASA had succeeded at any time.
The 993 million-dollar probes must study and investigate the interior of Mars, millions of years ago, to reveal the mysteries of its formation.
To find out more about understanding the Earth's formation later on, it is the only rocky planet in the interior of the interior.
Elizabeth Barrett, the major operator of the JPL, said that two or three months should be needed for the tools on the surface and another couple to start receiving data.
The goal is to build a three-dimensional map of a planet, so that "we understand the interior of Mars and we will know it out," said Bruce Banerdt, chief researcher at JPL.
InSight has a French seismometer concept, SIX, which will be set live in the Martian soil and will listen to its minimal vibrations: meteors, meteorites, earth moving, rock layers, deep magma movements. .
"I have received confirmation that there is no stone in front of the module," said the French-language researcher, "lucky and very happy," Philippe Lognonne.
Another important instrument, German origin, is HP3, and requires excavation between 3 and 5 meters to reach Mars's surface temperature.
The windshield sensor is Spanish design.