- Binge and long-term drinking can cause genetic mutation.
- A new study suggests that certain genes be damaged by heavy drinks that produce certain proteins.
- These changes can take us to other drinks.
Alcoholism has been linked to specific genes of scientific research, suggesting that it is an hereditary ingredient for the beginner. According to a new study, we also drink a large number of alcohol that can actually affect genes.
Research, Alcoholism: published in the clinical and experimental research magazine, directed by Rutgers University. A small study consisting of 47 people, but the results suggest that drinking can cause long-term genetic mutation, which may cause the greatest growth in alcohol.
"People with a single breastfeeding can change their DNA, even in a way they craving alcohol," said Dipak K. Sarkar, author of the study. "This may explain why alcoholism is a strong dependency and help prevent new forms of alcohol abuse in one day or avoid any personal risk."
Read more:Why do you live with guilt or "fear of beer" after a heavy drinking night?
Previous research has shown how alcohol can affect the brain paths that affect memories and we want to drink more. This new study suggests that more and more changes in drinking are made within DNA, to make it even harder.
The group took blood in three groups: moderate drinkers, binge drinkers and heavy drinkers. Binge drinking was one drink per woman, and 14 drinks per week for men. To classify them as excessive drinks, women should have at least eight drinks a week, and men should have at least 15.
Afterwards, the blood of the participants was analyzed, by checking PER2 levels, a gene that regulates certain functions of the brain and POMC, a gene for the generation of stress-response proteins.
Binge and heavy drinkers had the alterations of DNA from the two genes, so that cells were more difficult to produce coded proteins. These changes increased with greater alcohol intake, as researchers said, and the participants increased their desire for drinking.
Sarkar has reversed mice studies, because PER2 and POMC genes do not indicate, they drink more.
"In animal studies, we demonstrate that these genes are part of the positive reinforcement of alcohol's alcohol," he said. "We believe we have a profound influence on the function and behavior of the body, so we believe we are involved in addictive behavior."
The results show a solid correlation, but the researchers can not be sure what the cause was sure. Alcoholism is likely to be the result of many things, including the genes, hereditary changes over time.
But, according to the researchers, their findings could identify biomarkers to explain the risk of drinking binge or drinking.