Wednesday , January 27 2021

Climate change: Africa is facing global warming

The IPCC report is still experiencing a higher temperature in that region

Global greenhouse gas emissions are beginning to take the path of recovery to the world as a result of development prospects in Africa.

"In the field of chemistry and physics, warming is possible at 1.5 ° C, but it would be unprecedented changes," said Jim Skea, Climate Change (IPCC) III.

The IPCC, the world leader in the assessment of global climate change, says it is still possible to limit the global temperature rise to 1.5 ° C, if "land, energy and high-speed transitions", industry, buildings, transportation and cities.

For sub-Saharan Africa, as in the last decades as more frequent and lively climate climates, global warming horns would have a deep depth of over 1.5 ° C.

The rise in regional temperatures is expected to be greater than the average overall increase in temperature; African regions pass through the equator to 15 degrees in hot summers and warm waves grow longer and more frequently.

The tests are long but impossible, says the IPCC. And limiting climate change to 1.5 ° C is beneficial, detailing the difference between the effects of the report on the increase of 1.5 ° C and the increase of 2 ° C. Each additional warming adds greater dangers to Africa, more droughts, more heat waves and more potential crop failures.

Regardless of the ongoing threat of climate change, in 2015 several countries joined forces to take on the Paris Historical Agreement, committed to climate change below 2ºC. Only Angola, Eritrea and South Sudan alone joined. The agreement entered into force in November 2016.

In December of 2018, the countries met in Katowice (Poland) in the United Nations Conference on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

As part of the Paris Agreement, countries were committed to reduce emissions and build resilience at national level. The agreement also called for greater financial support for developed countries in developed countries in support of climate action.

The table-top compromise that was approved at the time of the Paris Convention was not enough. Despite the fact that countries had ordered everything, the global temperatures would rise 3 ° C this century.

According to the IPCC, the projections show that Western Sahel regions will receive the highest dryness and significantly increase the dry land mass. The IPCC spills Central Africa's floods and has a lot of precipitation.

West Africa has been identified as a point of climate change, climate change is likely to reduce crop yields and production to affect food security.

Southern Africa will also be damaged. It will become the driest on the western part of South Africa, as drought frequencies and heat waves are growing in the 21st century. At the end of the century
A global warming will have a budget impact. At 1.5 ° C, less rainfall in the Limpopo basin and the Zambezi basin area in Zambia, as well as parts of South African Western Cape fell.

But at 2 ° C, there is a drop in rainfall of around 20% in the South of Africa and a drop in dryland that continues in the north of Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe and south of Zambia. This will reduce the 5% to 10% Zambezi basin.

If the average global temperature reached 2 ° C of global warming, Saubian sub-Saharan regions will produce significant changes in the onset and intensity of the temperature.

West and Central Africa will see significant increases in hot days of 1.5 ° C and 2 ° C. In more than South Africa, the temperature will rise to 2 ° C and south-west regions, especially in the south. The parts of Africa and Namibia and Botswana are expected to be the highest temperature rise.

Perhaps the world regions do not have any effect on the Sahel, the fast-growing population, which is 2.8% per year, with the reduction of natural resources, including land and water resources.

Inga Rhonda King, President of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, the United Nations' main body that coordinates UN economic and social work agencies, declared a special UN meeting that the region is one of the most degraded environments in the world. It is estimated that 1,5 times the rest of the world in the rest of the world.

It is under the influence of solar food, the Sahel is dry and flooded, while people's safety is a consequence of food safety. As a result of armed conflicts, violence and military operations, 4.9 million people have been displaced this year, three times less than three years; 24 million people need humanitarian assistance throughout the region.

Climate change is already considered a multiplier threat, already increasing problems, including conflicts. Ibrahim Thiaw Sahel's UN Secretary-General advises the Sahel region to be particularly vulnerable to climate change, with more than 300 million people damaged.

Droughts, desertification and few resources have led to great conflicts between crops and livestock. The weak government has brought social breakdowns, says Mr. Thiaw. The Chadian lake is diminishing and it is a breeding ground for terrorist groups to be hired as social values ​​and moral authorities evaporate.

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