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In South Africa, how is freedom in the field of press freedom?



Glenda Danielsek

It's a good idea, last week, that the Free Press Freedom Index of the World Kazakhstan states that "the state of freedom of press freedom in South Africa" ​​is "beneficial". The second category of the beneficial category is "good" after.

South Africa is similar to the category "happy" with countries like Australia, Canada, Spain, France, Italy, the United Kingdom, Austria and Uruguay. Africa unites Namibia, Burkina Faso and Ghana.

The index was released on World Press Freedom Day on May 3.

The World Press Freedom Index is examining several factors in the ranking of countries. They are investigating journalists and journalists who were killed in a given country. It also discusses the country's legislative framework and media debate.

In South Africa, in this case, researchers should take into account the comments made by Cyril Ramaphosa, chairman of the country's country, and the head of the second major opposition party, Julius Malema. Malemak has a direct history with the media, has sometimes attacked and threatens journalists in social media.

This may be one reason why he put it in the "beneficial" category in South Africa. Despite being hostile to media, it's not a journalist
they are killed or imprisoned. Ramaphosa has not even used the curious journalist researcher – as US President Donald Trump did – when questioned.

I think that it is in a category worthy of South Africa, although there are some disturbing tendencies that are closely watched. That's why the country has explained it three places last year. Concerning some of their suggestions, along with the Secretary-General of the National African National Congress (ANC), he made some questions that he did not like when dealing with a journalist. Another worrying trend is the increase in misogynist social networks aimed at social journalism.

There is a direct and direct relationship between democracy, the freedom of the press, the diversity of media, freedom of expression. When democracy is tightened, journalists get a revelation. When journalists get into reaction, democracy itself is tightened up.

Categories

The index has five categories.

The first one is "good". Only a few countries appear here, and most of them are in Europe. New Zealand is also on the list.

The second category is "encouraging". Once again, the list is not very long. Along with South Africa there are Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom.

The third category is "problematic". In the United States, as well as in Brazil, Mongolia and Niger, there is also a list.

The fourth category is "difficult". The countries presented here are Russia, India, Mexico, Venezuela, Pakistan, Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo
and Rwanda.

Fifth category is "very serious." This list includes countries that are worst of the worst culprits in the last decade. These include China, Turkmenistan, Iran, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Somalia, Sudan, Eritrea, Egypt and Libya.

First and 180 countries: Norway is the first one, Finland is two, the Netherlands 3. At the bottom of the list is Turkmenistan, North Korea second.

It's interesting, but it's not surprising that it's down from the last US index. When Trump took power, he labeled any journalist who was questioned as "false news" and "falsification".

Venezuelans and Russia have also lost the points of the previous year's index.

Lower-level countries – for example, Egypt, Syria, Libya, Vietnam, China, Eritrea, Saudi Arabia and Turkmenistan – in different ways and at different levels, journalists can not freely work. Journalists take care of, arrested, imprisoned, killed and harassed.
African state

In Africa, Namibia has its main place and is 23 in the world 23.

Ethiopia is worthy of mention, to make a 40 point jump in the index.

Sudan is one of the poorest in Africa, one of the 175 countries in 180 countries in the world, and Somalia, the worst member of the African country.

In South Africa, according to the index's report, the 1996 Constitution of the country protects its freedom of mass media. However, he warns that apartheid's legislation and the new laws on terrorism adopted in 2004 are considered to be "national interest" in limiting the coverage of government institutions.

The report also warns the State security agency spies some journalists and records their phone. Others are harassing and intimidating campaigns, the government's ANC, the government's finances, the fear of soil against issues surrounding black population or corruption.

He warned that a leader of the opposition has asserted that the language abuse of the journalists is exacerbated by excessive and hate speech that press freedom has yet to be reinforced in South Africa.

What is needed

To work for democracy, the press must be free: interference with political parties and independent conflicts between independent interests without freedom. The journalist must serve people's interests and have reliable information channels.

It is an important function. The free flow of information is crucial, especially in the eve of national elections.

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