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NASA is better than "Hubble" for six space telescopes & # 39; plans he believes



Do we want to enter the new age of astronomy? Some argue that they are already broadcasting by the Hubble Space Telescope since the 1990s by sending incredible images of the universe. However, it is designed, planned, built and deployed in the space telescope for a period of 20 years. Hubble may be in the last leg, but astronomers already have James Webb space telescope (almost) ready, and even his heir, WFIRST.

So what comes next? Aspiring astronomers look for ways of life looking farther away, and as technology progresses, the plans are less than four space telescopes.

Until 2035 they did not fly, a year later, Decadal Survey will announce NASA's green light. In every way, everything we know about the universe needs to be changed completely.

Webb

Webb is definitely delayed in 2021. Image Credits: ESA, NASA, S. Beckwith (STScI) and HUDF Group, Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems / STScI / ATG medialab

James Webb space telescope (JWST)

Known as Webb or JWST, space telescope is the international program of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Canadian Space Agency. Approximately $ 10 million cost to date, Webb has a mirror set measuring 6.5 miles.

Hubble is much larger than the telescope, but Hubble's web is the size of the mirror, but what can be seen. Almost infrared camera and spectrum, it can be accessed at the beginning of the universe, but it is 100x times stronger. Think about rising above the universe, much more image than Hubble can handle.

Tragically, the Earth's 1.5 million km has been so far, but the delays means that it is not until 2021 that it has begun. It's only designed to work between nine and ten years, however, Webb is impressive, it's probably not as easy as Hubble.

WFIRST

WFIRST is NASA's next space telescope after Webb. Image Credit: NASA

Infrared broadband survey telescope (WFIRST)

Starting in the mid-2020s, WFIRST $ 3.2 million (£ 2.7 billion, AU $ 4.5 million) at the NASA Observatory, with the same 2.4 m Hubble mirror, but with excellent improvements.

It is an old space telescope that has never been made in space, which has a broad angle lens to give Hubble's sight to 100x. In addition, it will have a crown-checker to block the light of a star so you can see the smallest planet like planet Earth. It will also look deeply into the infrared, so it will look better on the universe … and, perhaps, it will help to find out what kind of dark matter and dark energy are.

LUVOIR

LUVOIR "Hubble 2.0" is authentic and can be watched over the decades. Image credits: NASA / GSFC

Large UV / Optical / IR Surveyor (LUVOIR)

In the last decade, astronomers have found thousands of exoplanets, but have their lives? Is life in every universe? Or is there a limit?

LUVOIR will tell us. It is great, physically, scientifically and financially. If WFIRST is a fairly affordable stop-gap, the Large UV / Optical / IR Surveyors will be deployed somewhat like Hubble, but 40 times stronger.

It was launched in 2039 and looked at a few decades, such as a 15-meter mirror (the current telescope would be larger than today's), the best, fastest and longest space telescope. predicted by astronomers

Do you want live Exoplanet remote photos? LUVOIR. Did the biological chemistry like oxygen and methane investigate the environment? LUVOIR. Analyze the planets and the moon in the solar system and compare the distant worlds of the atmosphere? LUVOIR.

Using the UVOS, optical and infrared cosmose, LUVOIR space observatory will be able to overcome all others. It was also done in Lego, which is, initially. However, before LUVAIR's $ 8 million (about £ 6 million, $ 11 billion) price was unavoidable, it could well prove NASA's commitment. There are still no rockets to move to space.

HabEx

HabEx's exoplanets will be photographed directly. Image credits: NASA / JPL-Caltech

Habitat Exoplanet Observatory (HabEx)

Kepler discovered 2,300 exoplanets, especially "huge jupiter heat", in two small patches of night sky, showing that single space telescopes could be completely revolutionary. However, HabEx is designed especially for exoplanet to photograph directly, this is far from the basic proposal.

As it lasts for five years, HabEx will have a telescope to discover and investigate similar planets of the Earth. These are awful objects (10 million times dimmers than their host stars), so HabEx's title is a star. A 72-meter-diameter telescope with an Earth-like shape is a 72-meter diameter flower with a 100,000-km spell, which will act as a coronation that removes lights. In this way, the telescope will find it easier to find exoplanets with a 4m mirror.

To identify pixel-wide exoplanets, HabEx will be able to study atmospheres and search for signs of life. HabEx's star is unknown, but they argue that the proposers could easily be aligned with the webb or Hubble.

Lynx

Lynx's & # 39; invisible universe & # 39; he will see Credit: NASA

Lynx X-Ray Surveyor

Lynx is another keyboard telescope that is currently designed to watch the invisible universe. What about the black universe of the initial shell shells? It's hardly anything but much more than they need to be. The Lynx telescope stands out as an attempt to get the x-rays from black holes as well as the supernova and gas galaxy. X-rays usually fly through straight mirrors and can not be detected from the ground, so Lynx will use hundreds of mirrors to detect small x-rays in curved mirrors.

NASA's Chandra X-Ray Observatory was designed around 2035, Lynx … stands out. Actually, nothing stands out. The line "is a symbol of superlative conception that is the ability to reveal the true nature of things through solid objects". Fair enough

Lynx is the best Webb partner telescope.

Origins

The origin is "cold", a massive flow of 9.1 m. Credit: NASA / GSFC

Origin Space Telescope (OST)

Where did the ingredients live? How did water reach exoplanet? The space telescope, which is considered to be more than 1000 times more sensitive than any other telescope, is designed to study the development of the Origins Universe. It will also be super-fast, using a powerful mirror of 9.1 millimeters to scan the sky in the same area for only two seconds Webb should scan for two seconds. Uniquely, the Origins astronauts would be available – repair or upgrade – moon by NASA's Lunar Gateway to plan around the orbit.

Origin After 500 million years of the Big Bang, it will be possible to investigate how the Universe's development has been studied, similar to carbon, oxygen and nitrogen. Likewise, the chemical composition of exoplanetal atmospheres can be detected, the analysis of gases galactic clouds, and the distance and distances of anything else.

To do this, Orígenes must be kept at a temperature of 4.5 Kelvin, that is -268.6C / -451.6F.


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