The archaeologists at Washington State University have discovered the oldest tattoo costume in North America.
With the handle of the Skunkbush handle and the cactus spinal, since 2000, it was an old town in Basketball II in the southwest of Utah.
Andrew Gillreath-Brown, a PhD in anthropology, was a generosity tool with an inventory of archaeological materials in the over 40-year-old warehouse.
He is currently the leading author of paper on tattooing tools Magazine of Archaeological Sciences: Reports.
His discovery shows North American Northwest tattoo, more than one millennium, and scientists describe the lifestyle of prehistoric people, if they forget about customs and culture.
"The tattooing of prehistoric Western people in the Southwest has not talked much about it, because it has not proved any direct evidence," said Gillreath-Brown, aged 33. "This tattoo tool does not know the prevailing indigenous culture of South West."
Tattoos is a way of art and expression of indigenous culture in indigenous worlds. However, little is known when or why practice began.
This is especially true in places like the Southwestern United States, where tattoos are not identified in human debris and are not written in practice.
Instead, archaeologists have used visual representations of ancient plays and identify tattoos to create tattoos in the region.
Previously, collected and hafted, or handled, Arizona and New Mexican cactus spinal tattoos have brought the amazing archaeological implementations of early tattoos. The first dates were between AD 1100-1280.
Gillreath-Brown has been looking at a very similar look at a site in Utah for over 1,000 years, finding out something special.
"I first came out of the museum box and I realized what was really excited about what happened to me," said Gillreath-Brown, a turtle's footprints, a masthead, a water snake and a large sleeve of wood over his left arm.
This tool has a 3 ½-inch skunkbush sumac handle, endowed with black yuku leaves and two parallel cactus at the end, dyed in black.
"Tattoo pigments are the best tactile tools that could be tapped with inkjet stitches," said Gillreath-Brown.
Aaron Deter-Wolf, who made theatrical antique tattoo and published numerous books by a researcher and co-author, explored Gillreath-Brown's scanning electron microscope, X-ray flower and energy-dispersive ray spectroscopy. . In a good measure, he made some tattoos using a replica pig with a fox.
He saw the crystalline pigment structure and thought it was a common element of carbon, body paint and tattoos.
According to Gillreath-Brown, "it's important to know how people manage relationships and how to spot people in the past, as population densities grow in the southwest."
WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY
Header Image: This is a 2000-year-old puppy-back tattoo tool, discovered by WSU archaeologist Andrew Gillreath-Brown. Credit: Bob Hubner / WSU